Supply chains in global production
Introduction. Analyzing the current processes of global sales and sales interaction over the past two decades shows that the world’s system of exchanges has undergone significant changes that have been caused by a multitude of factors. The formation of a complex model of global production, determined by the peculiarities of the transformation of individual economies’ growth models, the specifics of their industrialization and the forms of development of their national production business, its institutional and market-wise restructuring and the degree of inclusion in the system of international division of labor. The change in the level and depth of the specialization of individual countries in the field of production and sale of products, in turn, has accelerated the overcoming of economic distance (which is measured by the cost of transport and information services). Based on the above, namely, within the framework of forming a new model of global production, the issue of studying the role and value of supply chains in this model is made relevant.
Aim and tasks. The purpose of the article is to study the modern transformation of supply chains within the global production system. The findings will allow to determine what exactly needs to be done in the direction of further redeveloping the regulatory tools of global supply chain management.
Research results. The article presents the results of studying the transformation of supply chains’ role in global production. It is determined that taking into account the existing specificity of industrialization and fragmentation of national production, as well as the rapid spread of the results of scientific and technological progress in the world economy, there is a need for a more thorough study of this change. As a result of analyzing open source statistical data, a conclusion was reached regarding the transition from the competition of individual business entities to the competition of global supply chains. Particular features of supply chains, which determine the specifics of the goods' logistics in the processes of global production, are determined, as well as the peculiarities of the operation of the main global logistics networks: Global Logistics Network, Worldwide Partners Alliance, Tandem Global Logistics and Choice Logistics.
Conclusions. Given that the existing transformation of supply chains is a result of increased global competition of North and South economies, the need for reassessing and redeveloping the regulatory tools of global chain management is substantiated.
Keywords:supply chains, global production, world trade, added value.
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